Safety and security in RANHs (Robotic Assisted Nursing Homes)


  • Overview of the robotic system and its purpose in a hospital and nursing home environment
      • Purpose and Scope
      • Definitions and Terminology
  • Importance of safety in robotic systems
      • Recognizing the Importance of Safety Measures
      • Public Perception and Acceptance
      • Scope and Limitations

System Overview

  • Description of the ceiling rail system and its components
      • Why Ceiling Rail Systems for Cobots in hospital and Nursing Homes?
      • Robot movement problems on the ground
      • Easy Installation and Adaptability
      • Ceiling Rail System Design (layout, capacity)
      • Defined limits for rail, carrier and line changer
  • Explanation of the Kian Shuttle mechanism and its functionality
      • The benefits of employing a Kian shuttle mechanism for cobot deployment
      • Defined limits for Kian shuttle
  • Specification and role of cobots within the system
      • Different types of collaborative robots
      • Working mode of cobot
      • Intended Tasks for the cobots in the Nursing Home

Hospital and Nursing Home Specific Considerations

  • National Regulations
      • Federal Nursing Homes Act
      • Resident safety and well-being
      • Staffing and training
      • Privacy and data protection
  • State Regulations
      • Building and infrastructure safety standards
      • Technical specifications
      • How to deal with situations where there is not any standard
  • Specific Standards for Robotic Systems
      • DIN Standards
      • CE Marking
      • The Machinery Directive (2006/42/EC)

Safety Standards and Regulations

  • Hierarchy and priority of safety provision
      • The importance of defining the safety hierarchy
      • Priority of safety provision
  • Overview of relevant safety standards and regulations for robotic systems in healthcare
      • ISO 10218-1:2012: safety requirements for industrial robot
      • ISO 10218-2:2011: Robot systems and integration
      • ISO-13482:2014: Safety requirements for personal care robots
      • Relevant safety standards at ISO_TS_15066_2016: Cobots
  • Collaborative Workspaces and Human-Cobot Interaction
      • Workspace Design for Safety
      • Human-Cobot Collaboration Strategies
      • Protective measures for human-cobot interaction

Risk Assessment and Hazard Identification

  • Conducting a comprehensive risk assessment for the robotic system
      • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
      • Risk identification
      • Risk analysis
      • Risk mitigation
      • Risk monitoring
  • Identifying potential hazards and safety risks specific to the hospital and nursing home
      • Physical hazards
      • Ergonomic hazards
      • Chemical hazards
      • Electrical hazards
      • Environmental hazards
  • Mitigation strategies for identified risks
      • Error Detection and Recovery Protocols
      • Administrative Controls (Standard operating procedures (SOPs))
  • Human Factors
      • Human error
      • Training and competency
      • Workload and fatigue
      • Communication and collaboration
  • Documentation and Record-Keeping
      • Documenting identified hazards
      • Maintaining records of regular inspections
      • Recording incidents

System Component safety

  • Ceiling Rail and Carrier System Safety
      • Design and Material Specifications for Rails, Carrier and line changer
      • Rail Material and Strength Requirements
      • Weight Capacity and Load Distribution
      • Movement Control and Speed Limits
      • Emergency Stop Procedures and Redundancy
      • Power Source and Backup Systems
  • Kian shuttle safety Mechanisms
      • Stages and their Considerations
      • Weight Capacity and Load Distribution
      • Movement Control and Speed Limits
      • Emergency Stop Procedures and Redundancy
      • Power Source and Backup Systems
      • Safe Movement and Speed Control
  • Safety Considerations for Cobot
      • Programming Safety Limits and Error Handling
      • Intrinsic Safety Features of the Cobot
      • Remote Monitoring and Control Capabilities
      • Collision Detection and Avoidance Systems
  • End effector safety Considerations
      • Types of end effector
      • Some features while designing time
      • Working standard when it contact with senior (Minimize Pinch Points, Smooth and Burr-free Design)
      • Secure Grasping, Safe Release, Slip and Fall Prevention

Controlling safety

  • Traffic control of shuttles
  • Regular System-Inspections
  • Software Updates and Security Patches
  • Data Security Measures

Integration safety protocols

  • Liability
  • Security considerations in work sharing

Emergency Procedures and Protocols

  • Development of emergency procedures for various scenarios
      • Emergency shutdown procedures
      • Evacuation plans
      • First aid and medical assistance
      • Incident reporting and investigation
      • Scenario according to type of incident
  • Communication and coordination during emergency situations
      • Emergency Communication Protocols
      • Emergency Response Teams
      • Post-Emergency Communication and Debriefing


  • Recap of key safety considerations and troubleshooting techniques
  • Future developments and trends in robotic systems for nursing homes
  • Final thoughts on maintaining a safe and efficient robotic system


Glossary of Terms